Catalytic Performance of Al-HDTMA Bentonite Impregnated Fe on Phenol Hydroxylation

Widi, Restu Kartiko and Budhyantoro, Arief and Savitri, Emma (2014) Catalytic Performance of Al-HDTMA Bentonite Impregnated Fe on Phenol Hydroxylation. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 9 (20). pp. 7521-7529. ISSN 0973-4562

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Abstract

This paper describes the addition of Fe into modified-bentonite layer by impregnation method. Natural bentonite (from Pacitan, Indonesia) was intercalated with HDTMA-Br 1,5 % solution before pillared with Al metal to give Al-HDTMA bentonite forms. The ratio of bentonite and intercalating agent or pillaring agent was 1 gr/50 ml. The mixture was agitated, and then the solid phase was washed with distilled water. Then it was dried and calcined at 723 K for 4 hours. This modified bentonite was then impregnated with Fe solution. The Fe concentrations were 0.01 M, 0.05 M, and 0.1 M. All the materials were characterized using FT-IR and X-ray diffraction. X-ray diffractogram showed that the higher Fe penetrates into bentonite, the lower the crystallinity of bentonite. Their catalytic activity and selectivity were studied for phenol hydroxylation using H2O2 (30%). The reaction conditions of this reaction were as follows: ratio of phenol/ H2O2 = 1:1 (molar ratio), concentration of phenol = 1 M, reaction temperatures were 333 K, and ratio of catalyst/phenol was 1:10. The best catalytic performance to convert phenol and produce hydroquinone by phenol hydroxylation reaction is on PILB HDTMA-Al,Fe 0.05 M.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bentonite, impregnation, catalyst, phenol hydroylation
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Restu Kartiko Widi 6178
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2014 06:25
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2017 07:17
URI: http://repository.ubaya.ac.id/id/eprint/20657

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