The Effect of Visual Aid and Games on Reading Performance of Down Syndrome Children

Kartika, Aniva (2005) The Effect of Visual Aid and Games on Reading Performance of Down Syndrome Children. In: The 17th Asian Conference on Mental Retardation, 19 - 23 November 2005, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. (Submitted)

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Children with Down syndrome might demonstrate slow progress in reading. In fad some of the children might be able to read but did not understand the concept o reading. They might not remember what they had read, especially when the reading method gave emphasis to alphabet memorization and spelling. However, Down Syndrome children might learn to read better using visual stimuli to compensate their fewer memory channels (Oelwein, 1995). They also learned best using a hands on approach with activities that are meaningful to them (Dunaway,2005). A specific reading program then was designed to help the children acquiring better reading performance. This program was intended to modify the previous reading program tho emphasized on spelling method. it employed the playful approach including the use visual aid, such as specially designed pictorial books and cards, and games such as matching cards, word play, role-play and sports. The subjects of the program were three Down Syndrome children within age range of 8- 10 years old, and IQ range between 50-65. The intervention process of this program, and its varied effects on children reading performance (including matching, selecting and naming) will be explained. The obstacles and suggestions will be further discussed.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: down syndrome, mentally retarded, reading performance, visual aid, games
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Psychology > Department of Psychology
Depositing User: Adpesdam Ubaya
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2012 02:20
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2012 02:20

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