ANTIBACTERIALS FOR SYSTEMIC USE IN PRIMARY HEALTH CENTRE IN PROBOLINGGO: WHERE A JUDICIOUS ANTIBIOTIC USE GOES?.

Herawati, Fauna (2014) ANTIBACTERIALS FOR SYSTEMIC USE IN PRIMARY HEALTH CENTRE IN PROBOLINGGO: WHERE A JUDICIOUS ANTIBIOTIC USE GOES?. Respirology : Special Issue: The Asian Pacific Society of Respirology 19th Congress, November 13-16, 2014, Bali, Indonesia, 19 (S3).

[img]
Preview
PDF
Jurnal APSR 2014 p.176.pdf

Download (52Kb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Image (JPEG)
aspr 2014.jpg

Download (346Kb) | Preview
Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/resp.12...

Abstract

Introduction: Indonesian National Formulary was published to support rational drug use in universal coverage era. A consideration of antibiotic choices in primary health centre is limited, usually narrow spectrum and to treat susceptible bacteria. Methods: We gathered information from six primary/community health centre in district Probolinggo. There are more than nine thousand to more than twenty three thousand people visit those health centres a year. The amount of antibiotic use was calculated in Defined Daily Dose (DDD) per 1000 patient visit day on J01 (ATC classification for antibacterials for systemic use). Data analysis with One Way ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) Microsoft excels to identify the antibiotic usage significance differences between primary health centres. Results: Eight antibiotics (amoxicillin, ampicillin, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, ciprofloxacin, phenoxymethylpenicillin, procaine benzylpenicillin, and tetracycline) are antibiotic for primary health centre; five antibiotics (cefadroxil, cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, clindamycin, levofloxacin) are antibiotic which should only use at secondary or tertiary health centre according to Indonesian National Formulary 2013. Its DDD per 1000 patient visit day differ significantly (p < 0.05), i.e. 2.67; 3.27; 3.82; 4.14; 4.86; 6.22 respectively. The most three infectious diseases in those community health centres are upper respiratory tract infection, diarrhea, and influenza; which, usually, are caused by virus, not bacteria. Conclusion: In this district broad spectrum antibiotics are used to treat some infectious disease, mostly caused by virus. Injudicious antibiotic use may increase the incidence of antibiotic resistance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Eko Setiawan 194014
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2014 04:26
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2017 09:45
URI: http://repository.ubaya.ac.id/id/eprint/21494

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item