Does Debt Affect Firm Financial Performance? the Role of Debt on Corporate Governance in Indonesia.

Ismiyanti, Fitri and Mahadwartha, Putu Anom (2008) Does Debt Affect Firm Financial Performance? the Role of Debt on Corporate Governance in Indonesia. Jurnal Riset Akuntansi Indonesia , 11 (1). pp. 1-22. ISSN 1410-6817

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This research address main question of the conditions of debt-constraint expropriation and debt-facilitate expropriation, and the difference between those conditions on type of group ownership (group or no group-affiliate). Agency theory predicts that debt is bonding and monitoring mechanism for managers’ perquisites action. Expropriation of minority shareholders by majority shareholders hurts good corporate governance practices. The expropriation also hurts debtholders value. The research argues that the use of debt will minimize the expropriation level and maintain certain control to managers and majority shareholders, on behalf of minority shareholders and debtholders. The problem of majority versus minority and debtholders spread widely in Indonesia. This research conducts analytical and statistical methods to examine the roles of debt policy as mechanism of good corporate governance practices in Indonesia. This research argues that debt have difference effect on financial performance based on certain debt characteristic. Two characteristic of debt are debt-constraint expropriation (DCE) and debt-facilitate expropriation (DFE). Difference type of ownership, which are group and no group-affiliate also examine to support the main issues of DCE and DFE. The result will be useful for economic policy makers; firms level policy makers, investors, academician, and researchers in the area of finance, social science, and humanities. The research tests the main question with four hypotheses that test using ordinary least squares (OLS) regression and Wald test for coefficient test. The result shows support for differences in effect on debt to performance for DCE (positive effect) and DFE (negative effect). On DCE, no group-affiliate firms have higher positive effect of debt to performance than group-affiliate firms are. However, on DFE due to risk reduction mechanism, group-affiliate firms have less negative effect of debt to performance than no group-affiliate firms are.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: constraint, facilitate, debt, performance, agency, group
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economic > Department of Management
Depositing User: Adpesdam Ubaya
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2012 02:37
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2012 02:37

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