INDUKSI KALUS DARI EMBRIO PADI MERAH (ORYZA SATIVA CV BARAK CENANA) MENGGUNAKAN ZAT PENGATUR TUMBUH 2,4 D

Artadana, Ida Bagus Made and Hardjo, Popy Hartatie and Suhono, Gilang Bintang Fajar (2016) INDUKSI KALUS DARI EMBRIO PADI MERAH (ORYZA SATIVA CV BARAK CENANA) MENGGUNAKAN ZAT PENGATUR TUMBUH 2,4 D. In: Proceeding Seminar Nasional Biodiversitas VI. Departemen Biologi Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya. ISBN 978-979-98109-5-3

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 2,4 D on callus production from the red rice (Oryza sativa cv. Barak Cenana) embryo. Rice seeds were dehusked by hands, sterilized using 70% alcohol, 25% Clorox, and 5% Clorox, respectively. Sterilized-seeds were cultured in MS media with additional 1 ppm, 2 ppm, or 3 ppm 2,4 D. Each bottle contains three seeds and the experiment was done with three replications for every treatment. One hundred percent of embryo produced callus in all of those three types of media. All calluses were emerged 18 days after cultured and located at the base of shoot. They are friable calluses with white yellowish colour. After 35 days of culture, embryo in MS media with addition of 1 ppm 2,4 D produced the highest callus fresh weight. Fresh weight of the callus in MS media with addition of 1 ppm, 2 ppm, and 3 ppm 2,4 D were 241,9 ± 57,9; 171,8 ± 30,9; and 156,7 ± 26,3 mg/bottle, respectively. In the future, MS media with addition 1 ppm 2,4 D can be chosen to induce embryo derived callus from Barak Cenana red rice. Barak Cenana embryo derived callus induced by 2,4 D is potentially regenerated to red rice plant.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Barak Cenana, embryo, 2,4 D, Red rice.
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Technobiology > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Eko Setiawan 194014
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2017 08:40
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2017 03:53
URI: http://repository.ubaya.ac.id/id/eprint/29161

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