How to understand and handle math difficulties encountered by students with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Nanik, Nanik (2007) How to understand and handle math difficulties encountered by students with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In: Proceeding of International Conference Improving the Quality of Human Life. Universitas Surabaya, Surabaya.

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Students with ADHD often find difficulties in learning mathematics. Such condition happens because they usually have limitations in perception, visual-motor, fine-motor, and spatial organization development. Furthermore, they have limitations in memorizing, giving attention, sequencing, language, self monitoring and self management. Some cases of elementary-school-age students with ADHD whose intelligence capacity was average or above that had been learned revealed that the math difficulty the students had the most was in problem-solving test (a story-form question). This matter is understandable because this type of question demands that the students have comprehensive language skills to comprehend the implicit meaning of the mathematical sentences, ability to analyze synthesis, ability to maintain attention continuously in following the problem-solving sequencing, and ability to recall and monitor whether the sequence has been done correctly. Other difficulties in math are related to mistakes in reading the question-they might skip some parts, copying the symbols or numbers, counting, writing down the results of the counting. Some strategies and interventions to handle math difficulties include making the abstract more concrete, compensating for memory difficulties and increasing recall of math facts/procedures, compensating for spatial organization and perceptual motor difficulties, using instructional and assessment strategies and modifications, increasing focus and attention, using problem-solving strategies, using self monitoring and meta-cognitive strategies, and increasing the motivation

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: ADHD, math difficulties, handle
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Psychology > Department of Psychology
Depositing User: Eko Setiawan 194014
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2017 03:51
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2018 03:24

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