Antioxidant and toxicity activity of aqueous extracts from various parts of breadfruit and breadnut

Vianney, Yoanes Maria and Putra, Sulistyo Emantoko Dwi and Purwanto, Maria Goretti Marianti (2020) Antioxidant and toxicity activity of aqueous extracts from various parts of breadfruit and breadnut. International Journal Of Fruit Science, 20 (Sup3). S1639-S1651.

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Two related underutilized plants from breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) and breadnut (Artocarpus camansi) were explored for their antioxidant and toxicity potential. Maceration with water was employed for the sake of safety and easiness. Various parts of both plants, namely leaves, fruit peel, anthocarp, and breadnut achene, were investigated. The antioxidant assays employed in this study were total phenolic and flavonoid content, total antioxidant capacity, DPPH scavenging activity, power-reducing assay, and linoleic acid peroxidation inhibition. The acute toxicity potential of the extracts was assessed using inhibition of Vibrio harveyi bioluminescence. The EC50 value determined from the toxicity assessment (>2.4 mg/mL) was higher than the concentrations of all extracts used in the various assays of antioxidant property. From all aqueous extracts, the best results in terms of highest antioxidant activity and relatively lowest toxicity were obtained for breadnut leaves, breadnut achene, and breadfruit leaves.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antioxidant assay; Breadfruit; Breadnut; Toxicity; Vibrio harveyi
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Technobiology > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Ester Sri W. 196039
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2020 06:06
Last Modified: 10 May 2021 04:00

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