Genetic Variant of SARS-CoV-2 Isolates in Indonesia: Spike Glycoprotein Gene

Ansori, Arif Nur Muhammad and Kharisma, Viol Dhea and Muttaqin, Sahal Sabilil and Antonius, Yulanda and Parikesit, Arli Aditya (2020) Genetic Variant of SARS-CoV-2 Isolates in Indonesia: Spike Glycoprotein Gene. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology, 14 (1). pp. 971-978. ISSN 2581-690X

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Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), a novel coronavirus and the primary causative agent of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), first occurred in China and rapidly spread worldwide. The government of the Republic of Indonesia confirmed its first two cases of COVID-19 in March 2020. COVID-19 is a serious illness with no efficacious antiviral medication or approved vaccine currently available. Therefore, there is a need to investigate the genome of SARS-CoV-2. In this study, we characterized SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein genes from Indonesia to investigate their genetic composition and variability. Overall, ten SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein gene sequences retrieved from GenBank (National Center for Biotechnology Information, USA) and the GISAID EpiCoV database (Germany) were compared. We analyzed nucleotide variants and amino acid changes using Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (MEGA) X and analyzed gene similarity using the LALIGN web server. Interestingly, we revealed several specific mutation sites, however, there were no significant changes in the genetic composition of SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein genes, when compared to the WuhanHu-1 isolate from China. However, this is a preliminary study and we recommend that molecular epidemiology and surveillance programs against COVID-19 in Indonesia be improved

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coronavirus, COVID-19, Genetic composition, Mutation, SARS-CoV-2
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Technobiology > Department of Biology
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2021 08:41
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2021 16:34

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