Formulation and Evaluation of Two Types of Functional Beverage Granules Made of Extracts of Guava Leaves, Purple Sweet Potato and Cinnamon

Jayani, Nikmatul Ikhrom Eka and salawane, Bill Lewaraja and Pelopolin, Hendro Yonan and Rani, Karina Citra (2021) Formulation and Evaluation of Two Types of Functional Beverage Granules Made of Extracts of Guava Leaves, Purple Sweet Potato and Cinnamon. Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research, 5 (6). pp. 1024-1029. ISSN ISSN 2616-0692 (Electronic)

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Official URL / DOI: http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v5i6.7

Abstract

Functional foods are bioactive compounds that have the potential to provide health benefits beyond the basic nutritional values. This study was conducted to formulate and evaluate functional beverage granules with the use of guava leaves, purple sweet potatoes, and cinnamons as functional herbal-based food. Granules from the ethanol extracts of guava leaves and purple sweet potatoes were prepared with three different ratios: Formulas 1 (3:2 %), 2 (3:2.5 %), and 3 (3:3 %). Also, ethanol extracts of guava leaves and cinnamons were formulated with three different ratios: Formulas I (3:1 %), II (3:2 %), and III (3:3 %). These granules were formulated by the wet granulation method, and then their characteristics were evaluated. The results showed that the functional beverage granules made of guava leaves and purple sweet potatoes had % fines of 1.52±0.55‒6.04±0.06, moisture contents of 1.51±0.10‒2.06±0.12%, flow rates at 9.34±0.77–10.89±0.32 g/sec, angles of repose at 29.64 ± 0.67‒30.70±1.55, compressibility index of 16.19±0.82‒17.32±3.43%, and Hausner ratio of 1.20±0.01–1.22±0.03. Meanwhile, those made of guava leaves and cinnamons had % fines of 1.63±0.49‒1.85±0.81, moisture contents of 0.71±0.10‒1.06±0.02 %, flow rates at 7.93±0.44–8.61±0.74 g/sec, angles of repose at 20.95±1.56–31.17±1.29, compressibility index of 19.56±1.32‒20.37±1.32%, and Hausner ratio of 1.24±0.02–1.25±0.02. All granule formulas containing guava leaves and purple sweet potatoes met the predefined specifications. Conversely, the granule formulas containing guava leaves and cinnamons did not meet the standard specification.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Keywords: Cinnamons, Functional beverages, Guava leaves, Purple sweet potatoes, Granule
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Faculty of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy
Depositing User: NIKMATUL IKHROM EKA JAYANI
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2021 03:19
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2021 03:19
URI: http://repository.ubaya.ac.id/id/eprint/39779

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