Knowing the gap: medication use, adherence and blood pressure control among patients with hypertension in Indonesian primary care settings

Setiadi, Antonius Adji Prayitno and Febriandini, Anita and Trinanda, Eltia and Aryaguna, Wiweka and Chusna, Irene Mutho'atin and Nurlaili, Yulia and Sunderland, Bruce and Wibowo, Yosi Irawati (2022) Knowing the gap: medication use, adherence and blood pressure control among patients with hypertension in Indonesian primary care settings. PeerJ Life & Environment. e13171. ISSN 2167-8359

[thumbnail of peerj-13171_Knowing the gap.pdf] PDF
peerj-13171_Knowing the gap.pdf

Download (2MB)
[thumbnail of 13. Turnitin_Knowing the gap_ medication use, adherence and blood pressure control among patients with hypertension in Indonesian primary care settings.pdf] PDF
13. Turnitin_Knowing the gap_ medication use, adherence and blood pressure control among patients with hypertension in Indonesian primary care settings.pdf

Download (3MB)
Official URL / DOI: https://peerj.com/articles/13171/

Abstract

Background Hypertension is a major risk factor for global disease burden, however, little is known regarding the profiles of patients with hypertension in Indonesian primary care settings. Objective This study aimed to profile medication use, adherence to medications and lifestyle modifications as well as blood pressure control among patients with hypertension in Indonesian primary health centres (PHCs). Methods A cross-sectional study design used a structured data collection tool (questionnaire and checklist). Patients aged ≥18 years with a diagnosis of hypertension, and prescribed an antihypertensive medication, and attending follow-up visits in the five PHCs in Surabaya, Indonesia, during a two-week study period (May–October 2019) were included. Descriptive analyses summarised the data, while binary logistic regression provided any independent associations between adherence profiles and blood pressure control. Results Of 457 eligible patients, 276 patients consented: PHC A (n = 50/91), PHC B (n = 65/116), PHC C (n = 47/61), PHC D (n = 60/88), PHC E (n = 54/101), giving an overall response rate of 60.4%. Patients were mainly treated with a single antihypertensive medication, i.e., amlodipine (89.1%), and many had not achieved blood pressure targets (68.1%). A majority reported notable levels of non-adherence to medication (low/intermediate, 65.2%) and poor healthy lifestyle behaviours, particularly physical activity (inadequate, 87.7%) and discretionary salt use (regularly, 50.4%). Significant associations were found between low medication adherence, discretionary salt use and smoking, with blood pressure control. Conclusions The study findings provide the evidence needed to improve the current level of sub-optimal blood pressure management among patients with hypertension in these Indonesian primary care settings. Particular emphasis should be placed on antihypertensive medication adherence and healthy lifestyle behaviours through locally tailored hypertension-related interventions.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Faculty of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Ester Sri W. 196039
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2022 02:52
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2022 02:52
URI: http://repository.ubaya.ac.id/id/eprint/41617

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item