Challenges in Pain Education is the Reflection of Challenges in the Medical Curriculum: A Mixed Methods Study

Susilo, Astrid Pratidina and Pribadi, Aking Sandi and Wardhana, Ardyan Prima and Suciadi, Marcellinus Ferdinand and Mangowal, Remy Giovanny and de Jong, Nynke (2022) Challenges in Pain Education is the Reflection of Challenges in the Medical Curriculum: A Mixed Methods Study. In: Asia Pacific Medical Education Conference APEMEC 2022, 14-16 January 2022, Kuala Lumpur. (Unpublished)

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Introduction One of the barriers to pain management is the lack of health professionals' knowledge and skills to assess and manage pain. Pain education is introduced in different places across the undergraduate medical curricula for example in the classes of physiology, pharmacology, musculoskeletal disorder, cancer, or emergency medicine. While studies in different countries showed that the pain-related competence of health professionals are not yet adequate, only limited studies explored the challenges in pain education from both students’ and teachers’ perspectives. Our study aim to measure the level of knowledge of medical students and explore the challenges of pain learning in the perspectives of students and teachers. Methods We conducted a mixed method study in a private medical school in Indonesia. In the quantitative phase, 4th year medical students filled out a validated questionnaire of Knowledge and Attitude Survey Regarding of Pain (KSARP). The results were presented to students and teachers in the qualitative phase. We conducted two FGDs with teachers and two FGDs with students, each group consisted of 8-10 participants. They discussed challenges in pain education and strategies to overcome the challenges. Results 40 out of 44 (91%) filled out the questionnaire. Mean score of KSARP is 18.67 (SD 3.31), less than 50% correct answer, showing that 4th year students did not have adequate pain knowledge. FGDs showed challenges in pain education are related to the scattered pain curricula, lack of students’ self-directed learning, learning style differences, online learning during pandemic, and conventional educational methods. Participants suggested to strengthen deep learning and reflection skills of students, developing innovation in educational methods, improve learning from clinical cases, and facilitating early clinical exposure possibly with real patients. Conclusion Challenges in pain education is the reflection of challenges in the medical curriculum. To improve pain learning, basic principles in medical education should be adopted in the curriculum development and education delivery; and the culture of student-centeredness should be continuously supported.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medical
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2023 16:52
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2023 16:52

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