Digital Protectionism: A New Barrier To Pursue International Trade Liberalization

Gea, Gita Venolita Valentina and Purba, Marlina Br (2023) Digital Protectionism: A New Barrier To Pursue International Trade Liberalization. In: 4th International Conference on Law Reform 2023, 22-23 July 2023, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang. (Unpublished)

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The impacts coming from digitalization is remarkably changing the way of life of human beings. It disrupts almost on every aspects, including international trade. In this borderless world, digitalization on international trade proved by the massive growth of e-commerce. As digitalization is likely more like a double sided coin, along with every benefits felt from it, there are also risks needs to be anticipated. The issue of data protection and privacy particularly has been a highlight on the practice of e-commerce. States are taking measures in regards of that issue, unilateral measures such as banning or prohibiting certain e-commerce platforms originating from another country were taken. Measures that are later called as the ‘digital protectionism’. Whilst international trade under the WTO regime has been trying to remove every protectionism acts as it was the reason of the downfall of global economy on the World War era. Hence, the WTO is implementing the liberalization of international trade that includes open access market. This study aims to examine and explain on how the digital protectionism has been recognized as a new type of barrier on international trade, especially faced with the principles and regulations of WTO. Method used on this study is juridical normative that applied statute, conceptual, and case approaches. This study showed that digital protectionism is a threat to the liberalization of international trade. However, the concerns of data protection and privacy behind the digital protectionism is another issue to discuss and may led the WTO to open another round of negotiation to reach global consensus on minimum standards on the protection and privacy of data flows.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law > Department of Law
Depositing User: Ester Sri W. 196039
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2023 08:13
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2023 08:13

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