Analysis of Factors Affecting Adherence to Anti-Retroviral Treatment among HIV/AIDS Outpatients at the Dinoyo Public Health Centre

Lazuardy, Annisa and Wibowo, Yosi Irawati and Setiadi, Antonius Adji Prayitno (2023) Analysis of Factors Affecting Adherence to Anti-Retroviral Treatment among HIV/AIDS Outpatients at the Dinoyo Public Health Centre. Advances in Biological Sciences Research (ABSR). ISSN 2468-5747 (Submitted)

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Background: There is an increasing prevalence of HIV/AIDS cases in Indonesia, particularly in Malang City a tourist and educational destination. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) as well as to analyze their adherence to anti-retroviral (ARV) treatment and the related factors. Methods: An observational study using a questionnaire was conducted to collect the data from PLWA in Dinoyo Public Health Centre, Malang City. The ACTG (Aids Clinical Trial Group) questionnaire was used to determine the level of adherence to ARV. A descriptive analysis was used to summarize the data, and a bivariate analysis using Chi-square Tests was used to determine factors contributing to ARV adherence. Results: A total of 35 PLWA were consented to this study. Most PLWA were males between the ages of 21 and 30 years, had a high school diploma, an income of more than $2 million, worked in the private sector, and were singles. The majority of participating PLWA (60%) had adherence scores > 95%. Adherence is influenced by pharmacological side effects such as weariness or loss of energy, discomfort, numbness, tingling, or amnesia. Patient belief behavior, such as when the patient is away from home, also has a significant impact on adherence to ARV treatment. Aside from that, the subjects' ignorance of their own CD4 and VL levels made them more compliant. Conclusion: Findings in this study reported that Dinoyo Public Health Centre has a high level of PLWA adherence. However, given that patients are still in their productive years, it is vital to devise a plan to promote adherence. Increasing HIV/AIDS education, both about the medicine, including adverse effects and how to cope with them, and about how to use the drug appropriately and accurately so that no dosage is missed, including teaching about living a healthy lifestyle.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Adherence, Compliance, Anti-retroviral treatment
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Faculty of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Annisa Lazuardy
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2023 03:02
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2023 03:02

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