Meaning of 'Science' and 'Religion' Related to Indigenous Knowledge of Human Origin and Life Course Among Indonesian and Chinese Students

., Tonny and Putra, Ganesha Bayu and Anggara, Wara and Qianwen, Wu and Xinyao, Wang (2013) Meaning of 'Science' and 'Religion' Related to Indigenous Knowledge of Human Origin and Life Course Among Indonesian and Chinese Students. In: Proceedings Book of International Conference on Psychology in Health, Educational, Social, and Organization Settings (ICP-HESOS). Faculty of Psychology Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, pp. 198-210. ISBN 978-979-99555-7-9

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By means of the open-ended questions inquiry this study try explore how the meaning of 'science' and 'religion' constructed culturally by Indonesian (n=204) and Chinese (n=125) university student in term of to deepen cross-cultural understanding. All of respondents are students in major of psychology and behavioral science. This study also demonstrate how this indigenous knowledge contributes implicitly to their preconception on human following three categories: (a) Origin of human; (b) Events in humans life span (i.e. Birth, mental activity, and death); and (c) The meaning of human existence. In this research science learning viewed as cultural 'crossing-border' (Aikenhead&Jegede, 1999). This research proves that students indigenous knowledge on religion and science has an influence on science learning, since they are systems of meaning that offer different answers to the same problem. Both group of respondents mostly see religion as a belief; but Indonesian students tend to interpret science as 'information and knowledge,' while the Chinese students tend to interpret it as 'the truth'. Related to the explanation of human originsand lifecourse, Indonesian students tendto involve theological explanation than Chinese students that rely more on science or other sources as the answer Beside this, Indonesian students are more prone to 'compartemerztized answer' (or 'parallel collatera llearning' according to Aikenhead & Jegede) rather than Chinese students in the topic of human origin

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: science learning, religion, indigenous knowledge
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Psychology > Department of Psychology
Depositing User: Eko Setiawan 194014
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2013 02:30
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2021 14:24

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