Marital Satisfaction, Social Support, and Social Stress: A Cross Cultural Comparison Between Indonesian and Chinese Wives

Karunia, Nurlita Endah and Wahyuningsih, Sri and Mushtaq, Tayyiba and Qiong, Cao and Lu, xing and Pratiwi, Hilda (2013) Marital Satisfaction, Social Support, and Social Stress: A Cross Cultural Comparison Between Indonesian and Chinese Wives. In: Proceedings Book of International Conference on Psychology in Health, Educational, Social, and Organization Settings (ICP-HESOS). Faculty of Psychology Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, pp. 700-705. ISBN 978-979-99555-7-9

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Abstract

Marital satisfaction is studied more often than any other concepts. (Spanier & Lewis, 1980; Fower & Olson, 1993). Marital satisfaction is an important variable to research, because it is a global evaluation of marital life and a reflection of marital happiness and functioning. Social dimensions have contribution to marital satisfaction (Chen, & Li, 2012), such as social support and social stress. Social environment can be define as social support in the context of social relationship that have potentially supportive transaction. In the other hand, social environment define as stressor in the context of social relationship that have negative impact. This is empirical study, to describe correlation between social support, social stress (stressor) and marital satisfaction among lndonesian and Chinese wife. The subject are 463 wives (268 wives from Indonesia dan 195 wives fromChina), withinages 25 - 45 years old, both housewife or worker. The collecting data using surveym ethods with ENRICH Marital Satisfaction (Fowler and Olson, 1993 ) which have 11 aspects and DUSOCS that measure source of support and stressor. Correlation Spearman (Non Parametric) and Mann U Whitney are used to analyst the data. The results show that: 1) There is significant difference in marital satisfaction between Indonesian (mean = 53.0498) and Chinese (mean = 47.8462) wives (z= -4.349, asymp. sig.= ,000 (< .05)); which is social support Indonesian (mean = 62.1794) higher than Chinese (mean = 52.3744) wives (z= -5.191, asymp. sig.= ,000 (< .05)). Second result are 1). There is a significant correlation between marital satisfaction and social support both Indonesian and Chinnese Wives, either among Indonesia (r.1=8, sig.= 0.003 (<.05)) and Chinese (r=.217, sig.= 0.002 (<.05)); 2). There is a significant correlation between marital satisfaction and social stress, either among Indonesia (r=-.2 50, sig.= 0.000 (<.05)) and Chinese (r= -.228, sig.= 0.001 (<.05)). Characteristic of the country (religion, culture, history, and economic growth) can explain the differences of marital satisfaction of those countr.y. . between Indonesia and China. Second. Indonesian receive higher social support from their family and non-family than Chinese wives. Collectivism perspective that held in Indonesia and China, can explain the correlation between marital satisfaction, social support and social stress from family member.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Marital Satisfaction, Social Support, and Social Stress
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Psychology > Department of Psychology
Depositing User: Eko Setiawan 194014
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2013 09:13
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2013 09:13
URI: http://repository.ubaya.ac.id/id/eprint/7014

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