Separation of Oil-in-Water Emulsion Using Slotted Pore Membrane

Sutrisna, Putu Doddy and Lingganingrum, F.S. and Wenten, I G. (2012) Separation of Oil-in-Water Emulsion Using Slotted Pore Membrane. Jurnal Teknik Kimia Indonesia, 11 (1). pp. 57-65. ISSN 1693-9433

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Abstract

Nowadays, oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion has become an important topic in many industries. Petroleum industry is one of these industries. O/W emulsion produced in crude oil recovery causes problems at different stages in petroleum industry. Produced water can not be injected again into the well, because it contains high concentrations of oil, grease and suspended particles. Recently, membrane technology has been applied in separation of O/W emulsion. One membrane that has been developed special for oil filtration is slotted true surface filter. This research investigated influences of pore size and initial concentration of feed emulsion during oil filtration using slotted pore membrane. From the experiment, oil rejection will be higher if we use membrane with smaller pore size, emulsion with high stability and small trans membrane pressure. Based on the slot width it can be concluded that 33 microns membrane gives better oil rejection than 80 microns membrane. Initial concentrations of challenge emulsion also influence value of flux and oil rejection, which will also influence our decision to choose suitable membrane in relation with hydrophilicity of the membrane. During microfiltration process, there was deformation of oil particle through slot of membrane, which can be analyzed by observing size of oil drops in feed and permeate sides.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: emulsion, microfiltration, slotted pore membrane
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Putu Doddy S, 61107 - 200042
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2020 04:05
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2021 16:21
URI: http://repository.ubaya.ac.id/id/eprint/37576

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