Chinese Indonesian Business in the Era of Globalization: Ethnicity, Culture and the Rise of China

Efferin , Sujoko and Pontjoharyo, Wiyono (2006) Chinese Indonesian Business in the Era of Globalization: Ethnicity, Culture and the Rise of China. In: Southeast Asia's Chinese Businesses in an Era of Globalization: Coping with the Rise of China. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS), Singapore, pp. 102-161. ISBN 978-981-230-401-8

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Chinese Indonesians (also known as Tionghoa) have been acknowledged as one of the major engines in Indonesia's economic development. Although they are the minority, it is estimated that their share of total private domestic capital far exceeds that of any other ethnic group in the country. There are controversies regarding the share of Chinese capital in the Indonesian economy (for example, see Kwik 1978; Amir 1978; Hadiz 1997; and Ning 1987). Until now it has been difficult to get data about the precise composition of capital ownership. However, it has been widely accepted that the state has the largest share of domestic capital in Indonesia followed by Chinese capital. In the year 2000, some of the major ethnic groups in Indonesia are the Javanese (41.71 per cent), the Sundanese (15.41 per cent), and the much smaller groups such as the Melayu (3.45 per cent), the Madura (3.37 per cent), and the Batak (3.02 per cent) (Suryadinata et al. 2003). The Chinese are estimated to make up 1.40 per cent to 1.99 per cent. Other ethnic groups of foreign origin also exist albeit in very small numbers (for example, Arab, Indian, Indo-European). It is estimated that there are more than 400 ethnic groups in Indonesia (Brown 1994). However, until recently there is a dichotomy between the Chinese and other ethnic groups (the so-called pribumi In the New Order era (1966-98), the classification of non-pribumi was often applied solely to the ethnic Chinese. They were distinguished exclusively from other ethnic groups and regarded a!i the only alien one in Indonesia being discriminated against politically, socially, and economically during the New Order Era (see Heryanto 1997, 1998). The ethnic group's economic roles and significance has grown significantly during the New Order era. Interestingly, in this era, they were discriminated against most extensively in the social, cultural, and political spheres. The rise of the New Order regime (1966-98) marked the peak of extensive and gross practices of racism against the Chinese involving both state discriminations, and frequent and violent mass attacks on Chinese property and life (Heryanto 1997, 1998; Ning 1987; Coppel 1983). Consequently, their ethnicity has become a dominant issue and institutionalized in various social, cultural, political, and economic activities....

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5601 Accounting
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economic > Department of Accounting
Depositing User: Eko Setiawan 194014
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2017 07:52
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2017 03:02

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