Effect of glycerol and zinc oxide addition on antibacterial activity of biodegradable bioplastics from chitosan-kepok banana peel starch

Agustin, Yuana Elly and Padmawijaya, Karsono Samuel (2016) Effect of glycerol and zinc oxide addition on antibacterial activity of biodegradable bioplastics from chitosan-kepok banana peel starch. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 223 (1).

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Official URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1757-899...

Abstract

Bioplastic is a biopolymer plastic that can be degraded easily by microorganisms so it can be used as alternative replaced commercial plastic. This research aims to study the effects of additive (glycerol and zinc oxide) addition in the characteristic of antimicrobial activity and biodegradability bioplastic from chitosan and Kepok banana peel starch. In this research, bioplastics were synthesized by chitosan as the backbone and antimicrobial, Kepok banana peel starch as filler, glycerol as plasticizer, also ZnO as an amplifier. Bioplastics were characterized their antimicrobial activity using agar diffusion method (zone inhibition assay) and biodegradability test using microbe (EM4). The result showed the optimum composition of bioplastic is kitosan 4 - 30% starch – 5 mL glycerol – 5% ZnO gives the good antimicrobial activity towards gram positive and gram negative bacteria, and this bioplastic will be degraded within an hour and 12 min. Thus, this bioplastics may have potential to be use for food packaging by having biodegradable properties and also inhibit bacterial growth.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Eko Setiawan 194014
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2017 06:55
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2017 06:55
URI: http://repository.ubaya.ac.id/id/eprint/30675

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