Global Requirements of Chitosan for Medical and Food Applications

Suseno, Natalia and Savitri, Emma and Windasari, Claudia (2011) Global Requirements of Chitosan for Medical and Food Applications. In: Bali International Seminar on Science and Technology 2011. Udayana University and UPN "Veteran" Jawa Timur, Bali. ISBN 978-979-98623-1-0

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Abstract

Chitosan is a biopolymer obtained by deacetylation of chitin which widely distribute in nature and biologically safe. This polymer exhibits several favor properties such as biodegradability, low toxicity and ability to form film hydrogel. Chitosan offers a wide range of unique application such as in medical application for hypocholesterolemic, antimicrobial and wound-healing properties, drug delivery and biologically active agent. For food application, chitosan is used for dietary ingredient, food preservative, edible film and coatings. The fulfill the requirement of medical and food application, it is necessary to prepare several tests, grouped in preliminary, confirmatory and other tests. The characterization of chitosan used for the application tests, viscosity and molecular weight determination. The main limitations in the use of chitosan in several applications are its high viscosity and low solubility at neutral pH. Low molecular weight (Mw) chitosans and oligomers can he prepared by degradation of chitosan such as chemical hydrolysis, oxidative degradation, irradiation of chitosan and enzymatic hydrolysis. For medical application, high degrees of deacetylation of chitosan is the important parameter of chitosan for medical and food applications. For some specific applications, these smaller molecules have been found to he much more useful

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chitosan; medical and food application; charecterization of chitosan
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Eko Setiawan 194014
Date Deposited: 08 May 2013 05:55
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2017 06:36
URI: http://repository.ubaya.ac.id/id/eprint/3399

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