The Effect of Plasticizer on Mechanical Properties and Chemical Structure of Chitosan-Starch Film Composites

Suseno, Natalia and Savitri, Emma and L., Andrew (2012) The Effect of Plasticizer on Mechanical Properties and Chemical Structure of Chitosan-Starch Film Composites. In: Proceeding 19th Regional Symposium of Chemical Engineering (RSCE 2012). Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya.

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Plasticizer is and additive for plastic to improve its elasticity and flexibility. In this experiment the composites based on chitosan-starch were synthesized at different weight ratios (7/3; 8/2; 9/1; 10/0)by using 12.28 - 24.24% volume of glycerol as Plasticizer. This paper studies the influence of Plasticizer on mechanical and chemical properties of chitosan-strach plastic film. The films were observed on the aspect of mechanical characteristic (tensile strengh, elongation at break), and %swelling. The mechanical characteristic of the film were characterized by autograph and swelling test. The alternation of chemical structure was studied by FTIR. The result showed the higher of chitosan-starch ratio increased the tensile strengh and the elasticity of film but decreased in %. Otherwise, the addiction of Plasticizer increased the elasticity of film and % swelling. These results suggested that these two film forming components were an interaction existed, a greater intensity was observed and the amino group bang of chitosan molecule in the FTIR spectrum shifted from 16o1 cm-1 in chitosan to 1590 cm-1 in composite films

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chitosan-Starch; Gliserol; Tensile Strength; Elongation at Break.
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Eko Setiawan 194014
Date Deposited: 10 May 2013 06:50
Last Modified: 10 May 2013 06:50

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