Evaluation of Toxicity of Crude Phlorotannins and Phloroglucinol Using Different Model Organisms

Harwanto, Dicky and Negara, Bertoka Fajar Surya Perwira and Tirtawijaya, Gabriel and Meinita, Maria Dyah Nur and Choi, Jae-Suk (2022) Evaluation of Toxicity of Crude Phlorotannins and Phloroglucinol Using Different Model Organisms. Toxins, 14 (5). p. 312. ISSN 2072-6651

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Official URL / DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins14050312


Phlorotannins have been proven to contain numerous bioactive compounds that have potential to be applied in variety industries, including cosmetics, functional foods, nutraceuticals, environmental management, and medicine. The larvicidal and growth-inhibiting properties of phlorotannins have been extensively studied in various organisms. However, the toxicity of the phloroglucinol oligomer of phlorotannin is unclear, especially in Artemia salina, Daphnia magna, Lactuca sativa, and Chlorella vulgaris, which are commonly used in many bioassays. Therefore, research using these four organisms should be designed to provide basic information about the toxic effects of phlorotannins and phloroglucinol. This study aimed to evaluate the larvicidal and inhibitory properties of phlorotannins and phloroglucinol on A. salina, D. magna, L. sativa, and C. vulgaris. Phlorotannin extract and phloroglucinol were administered at various concentrations to each test organism. The survival rate of A. salina nauplii and D. magna neonates was observed every 24 h to 72 h, whereas the L. sativa seed germination and inhibition rate of C. vulgaris were observed up to 96 h. The results showed that the 24 h LC50 of phlorotannin on A. salina and D. magna were 10.67 and 1.32 mg/mL, respectively. The germination inhibition of L. sativa was 53.3% with a seed growth of less than 4 mm after 96 h upon exposure to 1 mg/mL of phlorotannin. Freshwater and seawater C. vulgaris experienced yield inhibition of 39.47 and 43.46%, respectively, when 2 mg/mL of phlorotanin was added. These results indicate that phlorotannin affects the survival and growth of the test organisms, so its use as a pesticide, herbicide, and algaecide agent for environmental and aquaculture applications can be further studied.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ecklonia cava; algae; seaweed; invertebrate; allelopathy; phlorotannins
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QK Botany
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Divisions: Faculty of Technobiology > Department of Biology
Date Deposited: 12 May 2022 03:36
Last Modified: 12 May 2022 03:36
URI: http://repository.ubaya.ac.id/id/eprint/41836

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